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The six major tea categories of Chinese tea, as well as China's four major tea areas
For tea, in our mainland China, there are teas divided into six major teas, namely green tea, black tea, green tea, white tea, yellow tea and black tea.
Green tea is the oldest of all teas. It is a non-fermented tea. It is characterized by clear green leaves. Famous teas include Longjing, Biluochun, Huangshan Maofeng and Taiping Monkey. Green tea has many famous teas, which are more expensive, and require a deep cultural cultivation and taste ability. Therefore, there are many literati who drink green tea. The tea people in mainland China jokingly called the green tea class "green tea class", indicating that they have a certain financial height and cultural status.
Black tea is a whole fermented tea. The color of dry tea is black and brown. After brewing, the tea soup and the bottom of the leaves are red. Famous teas include Tuen Mun Black Tea, Blush, Zhengshan Race, and Taiwan's Hegang Black Tea and Sun Moon Lake Black Tea. There is also a story about the source of black tea. Legend has it that a group of soldiers marched through a village, and at night the soldiers went to sleep on sacks with fresh green tea leaves. After the soldiers left, the owner of the tea farm came back and saw that the tea was fermented. He could not throw it away and bake the fermented leaves into tea. A bubble, the tea soup is red, I feel that the tea is not good, just go to the distance to sell, I did not expect foreigners to like it, now black tea has become the world's most productive tea. Black tea warms the stomach, so tea lovers like to have a cup of black tea in winter or at night.
Green tea is a semi-fermented tea, which has both the scent and floral fragrance of green tea and the mellowness of black tea. It has a elegant name called "green leaf red trim", which means red and green, between two kinds of tea. Wuyiyan tea in Fujian, Tieguanyin in Anxi, and Phoenix narcissus in Guangdong all belong to Qingcha. Taiwan's famous green tea is a variety of seeds, frozen top oolong, mountain oolong, oriental beauty, Muzha Tieguanyin and so on.
White tea is a lightly fermented tea. The tea is slender and is made of a variety of white velvet hair on the tender bud leaves. The quality is characterized by the appearance of dry tea covered with velvet hair, white color and green color, and soup color light green. Song Huizong’s "Daguan Tea Theory" said: "White tea is a kind of one, different from regular tea." It is a precious and rare historical tea with many beautiful names, such as Ruiyun-like dragon and Longtuanshengxue. Snow buds and so on. Zhejiang Anji County, a famous tea one-year-old Anji white film, once had a "box of a changeable part of the car", which shows its preciousness.
The method of making yellow tea is similar to that of green tea. Only after the process of stacking boring yellow, yellow soup yellow leaves are its characteristics. The famous tea has Junshan silver needle and Mengding yellow bud. Among them, the silver needle of Junshan is the favorite tea of Empress Dowager Cixi.
Black tea is a post-fermented tea. After picking the tea leaves, the tea leaves are fermented after the tea is piled up, causing the tea surface to be dark and dark, called black tea. It is the raw material for many pressed teas. The famous teas include Yunnan Pu'er Tea and Guangxi Liubao Tea.
In addition to knowing the types of tea, knowing the tea area is also indispensable for drinking tea. There are four major tea areas in China, namely the Southwest Tea Area, the South China Tea Area, the Jiangbei Tea Area and the Jiangnan Tea Area.
The Southwest Tea District is the oldest tea area in China, including Yunnan Province, Guizhou Province, Sichuan Province and southeastern Tibet. It mainly produces Pu'er Tea, Sichuan Mengding Yellow Bud, Ganlu, or Duyun Maojian of Guizhou Province.
South China tea area includes Guangdong, Guangxi, southern Fujian, southern Yunnan, Hainan, etc., producing Anxi Tieguanyin, Baihao Yinzhen, Lai Lihua tea, Fengdan Cong, Liubao tea, blush, green and so on.
Jiangnan Tea Area is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, including Zhejiang, Hunan, Jiangxi and other provinces in southern Anhui, southern Jiangsu, southern Fujian and northern Fujian. It is the largest tea producing area in China. The tea produced includes West Lake Longjing, Huangshan Maofeng, Dongting Biluochun, Junshan Silver Needle, and Lushan Cloud, while the famous Tuen Mun Black Tea in Taiwan and Dahongpao in Wuyi Ruo Tea are also produced here.
Jiangbei Tea Area is located in the north and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, including Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong and other provinces and northern Fujian, northern Jiangsu, northern Fujian and other places. The main teas are Lu'an Guaping in Anhui, Huoshan Huangyan, and Xinyang in Henan Province. Maojian and so on.
The inheritance of Taiwanese tea is from mainland China. The ancestor of Taiwanese tea makers is said to be a native of Fujian Province. He came to Taiwan with Wuyi tea in the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty and planted it near Shijie Township in Taipei County. After two hundred years of development, Taiwanese tea has been refined and the taste of tea has varied and varied. The most famous ones are Wenshan Baochao Tea, Muzha Tieguanyin, Lugu Frozen Top Oolong Tea, Three Gorges Longjing Tea, Hegang and Yuchi Black Tea, Hsinchu. Oriental beauty tea, as well as alpine oolong tea from Alishan, Lishan and Shanlinxi. The so-called "alpine tea" refers to tea above 1000 meters above sea level. The tea tree tea buds of alpine tea grow slowly, and the taste is rich, and there is a returning sweet throat. Many people will not forget when they drink alpine tea.
Of course, the ones introduced here are only the big ones in Chinese tea. There is a jargon in the Chinese tea industry called "tea is old, and tea is not recognized." There are at least a hundred kinds of famous teas in China and abroad. You can write several books in Pu'er tea. It will not be described here.